Alemtuzumab plus CHOP versus CHOP in elderly patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma: the DSHNHL2006-1B/ACT-2 trial.

Abstract:

PTCL patients exhibit poor survival with existing treatments. We investigated the efficacy of CHOP combined with alemtuzumab in 116 PTCL patients age 61-80 in an open-label, randomized phase 3 trial. Alemtuzumab was given on day 1, to a total of 360 mg in 21 patients, or 120 mg in 37. Hematotoxicity was increased with A-CHOP resulting in more grade >/=3 infections (40% versus 21%) and 4 versus 1 death due to infections, respectively. CR/CRu rate was 60% for A-CHOP and 43% for CHOP, and OR rate was 72% and 66%, respectively. Three-year-EFS, PFS and OS were 27% [15%-39%], 28% [15%-40%], and 37% ([23%-50%] for A-CHOP, and 24% [12%-35%], 29% [17%-41%], and 56% [44%-69%] for CHOP, respectively, showing no significant differences. Multivariate analyses, adjusted for strata and sex confirmed these results (hazard ratio HREFS: 0.7 ([95% CI: 0.5-1.1]; p = 0.094), HRPFS: 0.8 ([95% CI: 0.5-1.2]; p = 0.271), HROS: 1.4 ([95% CI: 0.9-2.4]; p = 0.154). The IPI score was validated, and male sex (HREFS 2.5) and bulky disease (HREFS 2.2) were significant risk factors for EFS, PFS, and OS. Alemtuzumab added to CHOP increased response rates, but did not improve survival due to treatment-related toxicity.

PubMed ID: 32382083

Projects: GLA - German Lymphoma Alliance

Publication type: Journal article

Journal: Leukemia

Human Diseases: Lymphoma, Peripheral t-cell lymphoma

Citation: Leukemia. 2021 Jan;35(1):143-155. doi: 10.1038/s41375-020-0838-5. Epub 2020 May 7.

Date Published: 10th May 2020

Registered Mode: by PubMed ID

Authors: G. G. Wulf, B. Altmann, M. Ziepert, F. D'Amore, G. Held, R. Greil, O. Tournilhac, T. Relander, A. Viardot, M. Wilhelm, C. Wilhelm, A. Pezzutto, J. M. Zijlstra, E. V. D. Neste, P. J. Lugtenburg, J. K. Doorduijn, M. V. Gelder, G. W. van Imhoff, F. Zettl, F. Braulke, M. Nickelsen, B. Glass, A. Rosenwald, P. Gaulard, M. Loeffler, M. Pfreundschuh, N. Schmitz, L. Trumper

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Created: 4th May 2021 at 15:15

Last updated: 7th Dec 2021 at 17:58

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