Background: There is an on-going debate whether 2- or 3-weekly administration of R-CHOP is the preferred first-line treatment for elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The UK NCRI R-CHOP14v21 randomized phase 3 trial did not demonstrate a difference in outcomes between R-CHOP-14 and R-CHOP-21 in newly diagnosed DLBCL patients aged 19-88 years, but data on elderly patients have not been reported in detail so far. Here, we provide a subgroup analysis of patients >/=60 years treated on the R-CHOP14v21 trial with extended follow-up. Patients and methods: Six hundred and four R-CHOP14v21 patients >/=60 years were included in this subgroup analysis, with a median follow-up of 77.7 months. To assess the impact of MYC rearrangements (MYC-R) and double-hit-lymphoma (DHL) on outcome in elderly patients, we performed a joint analysis of cases with available molecular data from the R-CHOP14v21 (N = 217) and RICOVER-60 (N = 204) trials. Results: Elderly DLBCL patients received high dose intensities with median total doses of >/=98% for all agents. Toxicities were similar in both arms with the exception of more grade >/=3 neutropenia (P < 0.0001) and fewer grade >/=3 thrombocytopenia (P = 0.05) in R-CHOP-21 versus R-CHOP-14. The elderly patient population had a favorable 5-year overall survival (OS) of 69% (95% CI: 65-73). We did not identify any subgroup of patients that showed differential response to either regimen. In multivariable analysis including individual factors of the IPI, gender, bulk, B2M and albumin levels, only age and B2M were of independent prognostic significance for OS. Molecular analyses demonstrated a significant impact of MYC-R (HR = 1.96; 95% CI: 1.22-3.16; P = 0.01) and DHL (HR = 2.21; 95% CI: 1.18-4.11; P = 0.01) on OS in the combined trial cohorts, independent of other prognostic factors. Conclusions: Our data support equivalence of both R-CHOP application forms in elderly DLBCL patients. Elderly MYC-R and DHL patients have inferior prognosis and should be considered for alternative treatment approaches. Trial numbers: ISCRTN 16017947 (R-CHOP14v21); NCT00052936 (RICOVER-60).
PubMed ID: 28398499
Projects: GLA - German Lymphoma Alliance
Publication type: Not specified
Journal: Ann Oncol
Human Diseases: Diffuse large b-cell lymphoma
Citation: Ann Oncol. 2017 Jul 1;28(7):1540-1546. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdx128.
Date Published: 1st Jul 2017
Registered Mode: by PubMed ID
Created: 17th Apr 2019 at 13:13
Last updated: 7th Dec 2021 at 17:58