To improve outcome of elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, dose-dense rituximab was evaluated in the prospective DENSE-R-CHOP-14 trial. Rituximab (375 mg/m(2)) was given on days 0, 1, 4, 8, 15, 22, 29, 43, 57, 71, 85, and 99 together with six CHOP-14 cycles.
BACKGROUND: To improve outcome of elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, dose-dense rituximab was evaluated in the prospective DENSE-R-CHOP-14 trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Rituximab (375 mg/m(2)) was given on days 0, 1, 4, 8, 15, 22, 29, 43, 57, 71, 85, and 99 together with six CHOP-14 cycles. Results were to be compared with patients who had received the same chemotherapy in combination with eight 2-week applications of rituximab in RICOVER-60. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-four patients are assessable. Dose-dense rituximab resulted in considerably higher serum levels during the first 50 days of treatment, but rituximab exposure time was not prolonged. Grade 3 and 4 infections were exceptionally high in the first 20 patients without anti-infective prophylaxis, but decreased after introduction of prophylaxis with aciclovir and cotrimoxazole in the remaining 104 patients (from 13% to 6% per cycle and from 35% to 18% per patient; P = 0.007 and P = 0.125, respectively). Patients with international prognostic index = 3-5 had higher complete response/complete response unconfirmed rates (82% versus 68%; P = 0.033) than in the respective RICOVER-60 population, but this did not translate into better long-term outcome, even though male hazard was decreased (event-free survival: from 1.5 to 1.1; progression-free survival: from 1.7 to 1.1; overall survival: from 1.4 to 1.0). CONCLUSIONS: Dose-dense rituximab achieved higher rituximab serum levels, but was not more effective than eight 2-week applications in the historical control population, even though minor improvements in poor-prognosis and male patients cannot be excluded. The increased, though manageable toxicity, precludes its use in routine practice. Our results strongly support anti-infective prophylaxis with aciclovir and cotrimoxazole for all patients receiving R-CHOP.
PubMed ID: 24928834
Projects: GLA - German Lymphoma Alliance
Publication type: Not specified
Journal: Ann Oncol
Created: 13th May 2019 at 11:31
Last updated: 7th Dec 2021 at 17:58