Molecular mechanisms of lower grade (II- III) diffuse gliomas (LGG) are still poorly understood, mainly because of their heterogeneity. They split into astrocytoma- (IDH-A) and oligodendro-glioma-like (IDH-O) tumors both carrying mutations(s) at the Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) gene and into IDH wild type (IDH-wt) gliomas of glioblastoma-resemblance. We generated de-tailed maps of the transcriptomes and DNA-methylomes revealing that cell functions divide into three major archeotypic hallmarks: (i) increased proliferation in IDH-wt and, to a less degree, IDH-O, (ii) increased inflammation in IDH-A and IDH-wt, and (iii) the loss of synaptic transmis-sion in all subtypes. Immunogenic properties of IDH-A are diverse partly resembling signatures observed in grade IV mesenchymal glioblastomas or in grade I pilocytic astrocytomas. We ana-lyzed details of coregulation between gene expression and DNA-methylation and of the immu-nogenic micro-environment presumably driving tumor development and treatment resistance. Our transcriptome and methylome maps support personalized, case-by-case views to decipher the heterogeneity of glioma states in terms of data portraits. Thereby molecular cartography provides a graphical coordinate system, which links gene-level information with glioma sub-types, their phenotypes and clinical context.
Projects: GGN - German Glioma Network
Publication type: Journal article
Human Diseases: Brain glioma
Date Published: No date defined
Registered Mode: manually
Created: 12th May 2022 at 08:24