Multi-omics cartography of glioma heterogeneity

Abstract:

Molecular mechanisms of lower grade (II- III) diffuse gliomas (LGG) are still poorly understood, mainly because of their heterogeneity. They split into astrocytoma- (IDH-A) and oligodendro-glioma-like (IDH-O) tumors both carrying mutations(s) at the Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) gene and into IDH wild type (IDH-wt) gliomas of glioblastoma-resemblance. We generated de-tailed maps of the transcriptomes and DNA-methylomes revealing that cell functions divide into three major archeotypic hallmarks: (i) increased proliferation in IDH-wt and, to a less degree, IDH-O, (ii) increased inflammation in IDH-A and IDH-wt, and (iii) the loss of synaptic transmis-sion in all subtypes. Immunogenic properties of IDH-A are diverse partly resembling signatures observed in grade IV mesenchymal glioblastomas or in grade I pilocytic astrocytomas. We ana-lyzed details of coregulation between gene expression and DNA-methylation and of the immu-nogenic micro-environment presumably driving tumor development and treatment resistance. Our transcriptome and methylome maps support personalized, case-by-case views to decipher the heterogeneity of glioma states in terms of data portraits. Thereby molecular cartography provides a graphical coordinate system, which links gene-level information with glioma sub-types, their phenotypes and clinical context.

Projects: GGN - German Glioma Network

Publication type: Journal article

Journal: submitted

Human Diseases: Brain glioma

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Date Published: No date defined

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Authors: Hans Binder, Maria Schmidt, Lydia Hopp, Arsen Arakelyan, Henry Löffler-Wirth

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Created: 12th May 2022 at 08:24

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