Age- and gender-specific norms for the German version of the Three-Factor Eating-Questionnaire (TFEQ).


The 'Fragebogen zum Essverhalten' (FEV) is the German version of the Three-factor-Eating-Questionnaire (TFEQ). This questionnaire covers three domains of eating behaviour ('cognitive restraint', 'disinhibition' and 'hunger') as well as common problems (e.g. craving for sweets). So far, there is a lack of normative data of the FEV especially for the middle-aged and older population. Aim of this study therefore was to provide age- and gender-specific norms of the FEV for the general population aged 40-79 years. We studied 3144 participants of the ongoing large community-based Leipzig Research Center for Civilization Diseases (LIFE) Health Care Study. We provided age- (four age groups: 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, and 70-79 years) and gender-specific percentile ranks and T-scores for the three domains of the FEV as well as age- and gender-specific frequencies of the common problems in eating behaviour. Females scored significantly higher than males in all three domains of the FEV (p < 0.001). Older individuals showed significantly higher mean scores than the younger ones in the domain of cognitive restraint, but lower mean scores in disinhibition and hunger (p < 0.001). 45.1% of the males and 69.9% of the females reported specific problems in eating. The main problem in both genders was craving for sweets (38.6%). Eating in response to stress was mostly reported in younger individuals. The present study offers current normative data for the FEV in the middle-aged and older general population that can be applied in clinical and non-clinical settings. Information on eating behaviour can be helpful in understanding body weight modulation, and thus, may help to improve interventive and preventive programmes for overweight, obesity, and eating disorders.

PubMed ID: 25889877

Projects: LIFE Adult

Publication type: Not specified

Journal: Appetite

Human Diseases: Obesity, Eating disorder

Citation: Appetite. 2015 Aug;91:241-7. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2015.04.044. Epub 2015 Apr 15.

Date Published: 19th Apr 2015

Registered Mode: by PubMed ID

Authors: A. Loffler, T. Luck, F. S. Then, M. Luppa, C. Sikorski, P. Kovacs, A. Tonjes, Y. Bottcher, J. Breitfeld, A. Horstmann, M. Loffler, C. Engel, J. Thiery, M. Stumvoll, S. G. Riedel-Heller

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Created: 9th May 2019 at 09:49

Last updated: 7th Dec 2021 at 17:58

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