Ontological Modelling and Reasoning of Phenotypes

Abstract:

The successful determination and analysis of phenotypes plays a key role in the diagnostic process, the evaluation of risk factors and the recruitment of participants for clinical and epidemiological studies. The development of computable phenotype algorithms to solve these tasks is a challenging problem, caused by various reasons. Firstly, the term ‘phenotype’ has no generally agreed definition and its meaning depends on context. Secondly, the phenotypes are most commonly specified as non-computable descriptive documents. Recent attempts have shown that ontologies are a suitable way to handle phenotypes and that they can support clinical research and decision making. The SMITH Consortium is dedicated to rapidly establish an integrative medical informatics framework to provide physicians with the best available data and knowledge and enable innovative use of healthcare data for research and treatment optimization. In the context of a methodological use case “phenotype pipeline” (PheP), a technology to automatically generate phenotype classifications and annotations based on electronic health records (EHR) is developed. A large series of phenotype algorithms will be implemented. This implies that for each algorithm a classification scheme and its input variables have to be defined. Furthermore, a phenotype engine is required to evaluate and execute developed algorithms. In this article we present a Core Ontology of Phenotypes (COP) and a software Phenotype Manager (PhenoMan), which implements a novel ontology-based method to model and calculate phenotypes. Our solution includes an enhanced iterative reasoning process combining classification tasks with mathematical calculations at runtime. The ontology as well as the reasoning method were successfully evaluated based on different phenotypes (including SOFA score, socioeconomic status, body surface area and WHO BMI classification) and several data sets.

Projects: LHA - Leipzig Health Atlas, Onto-Med Research Group, SMITH - Smart Medical Information Technology for Healthcare

Publication type: InProceedings

Journal: CEUR Workshop Proceedings

Book Title: Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops 2019 Episode V: The Styrian Autumn of Ontology

Editors: Adrien Barton, Selja Seppälä, Daniele Porello

Human Diseases: No Human Disease specified

Citation: CEUR Workshop Proceedings. 2019 Sep;2570. issn: 1613-0073.

Date Published: 20th Dec 2019

URL: http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-2518/paper-ODLS11.pdf

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