No Association of Coronary Artery Disease with X-Chromosomal Variants in Comprehensive International Meta-Analysis.


In recent years, genome-wide association studies have identified 58 independent risk loci for coronary artery disease (CAD) on the autosome. However, due to the sex-specific data structure of the X chromosome, it has been excluded from most of these analyses. While females have 2 copies of chromosome X, males have only one. Also, one of the female X chromosomes may be inactivated. Therefore, special test statistics and quality control procedures are required. Thus, little is known about the role of X-chromosomal variants in CAD. To fill this gap, we conducted a comprehensive X-chromosome-wide meta-analysis including more than 43,000 CAD cases and 58,000 controls from 35 international study cohorts. For quality control, sex-specific filters were used to adequately take the special structure of X-chromosomal data into account. For single study analyses, several logistic regression models were calculated allowing for inactivation of one female X-chromosome, adjusting for sex and investigating interactions between sex and genetic variants. Then, meta-analyses including all 35 studies were conducted using random effects models. None of the investigated models revealed genome-wide significant associations for any variant. Although we analyzed the largest-to-date sample, currently available methods were not able to detect any associations of X-chromosomal variants with CAD.

PubMed ID: 27731410

Projects: Genetical Statistics and Systems Biology, LIFE Heart

Publication type: Journal article

Journal: Sci Rep

Human Diseases: Coronary artery disease

Citation: Sci Rep. 2016 Oct 12;6:35278. doi: 10.1038/srep35278.

Date Published: 12th Oct 2016

Registered Mode: by PubMed ID

Authors: C. Loley, M. Alver, T. L. Assimes, A. Bjonnes, A. Goel, S. Gustafsson, J. Hernesniemi, J. C. Hopewell, S. Kanoni, M. E. Kleber, K. W. Lau, Y. Lu, L. P. Lyytikainen, C. P. Nelson, M. Nikpay, L. Qu, E. Salfati, M. Scholz, T. Tukiainen, C. Willenborg, H. H. Won, L. Zeng, W. Zhang, S. S. Anand, F. Beutner, E. P. Bottinger, R. Clarke, G. Dedoussis, R. Do, T. Esko, M. Eskola, M. Farrall, D. Gauguier, V. Giedraitis, C. B. Granger, A. S. Hall, A. Hamsten, S. L. Hazen, J. Huang, M. Kahonen, T. Kyriakou, R. Laaksonen, L. Lind, C. Lindgren, P. K. Magnusson, E. Marouli, E. Mihailov, A. P. Morris, K. Nikus, N. Pedersen, L. Rallidis, V. Salomaa, S. H. Shah, A. F. Stewart, J. R. Thompson, P. A. Zalloua, J. C. Chambers, R. Collins, E. Ingelsson, C. Iribarren, P. J. Karhunen, J. S. Kooner, T. Lehtimaki, R. J. Loos, W. Marz, R. McPherson, A. Metspalu, M. P. Reilly, S. Ripatti, D. K. Sanghera, J. Thiery, H. Watkins, P. Deloukas, S. Kathiresan, N. J. Samani, H. Schunkert, J. Erdmann, I. R. Konig

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