The prognosis of glioblastoma, the most malignant type of glioma, is still poor, with only a minority of patients showing long-term survival of more than three years after diagnosis. To elucidate the … molecular aberrations in glioblastomas of long-term survivors, we performed genome- and/or transcriptome-wide molecular profiling of glioblastoma samples from 94 patients, including 28 long-term survivors with >36 months overall survival (OS), 20 short-term survivors with <12 months OS and 46 patients with intermediate OS. Integrative bioinformatic analyses were used to characterize molecular aberrations in the distinct survival groups considering established molecular markers such as isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 or 2 (IDH1/2) mutations, and O(6) -methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation. Patients with long-term survival were younger and more often had IDH1/2-mutant and MGMT-methylated tumors. Gene expression profiling revealed over-representation of a distinct (proneural-like) expression signature in long-term survivors that was linked to IDH1/2 mutation. However, IDH1/2-wildtype glioblastomas from long-term survivors did not show distinct gene expression profiles and included proneural, classical and mesenchymal glioblastoma subtypes. Genomic imbalances also differed between IDH1/2-mutant and IDH1/2-wildtype tumors, but not between survival groups of IDH1/2-wildtype patients. Thus, our data support an important role for MGMT promoter methylation and IDH1/2 mutation in glioblastoma long-term survival and corroborate the association of IDH1/2 mutation with distinct genomic and transcriptional profiles. Importantly, however, IDH1/2-wildtype glioblastomas in our cohort of long-term survivors lacked distinctive DNA copy number changes and gene expression signatures, indicating that other factors might have been responsible for long survival in this particular subgroup of patients.
Authors: G. Reifenberger, R. G. Weber, V. Riehmer, K. Kaulich, E. Willscher, H. Wirth, J. Gietzelt, B. Hentschel, M. Westphal, M. Simon, G. Schackert, J. Schramm, J. Matschke, M. C. Sabel, D. Gramatzki, J. Felsberg, C. Hartmann, J. P. Steinbach, U. Schlegel, W. Wick, B. Radlwimmer, T. Pietsch, J. C. Tonn, A. von Deimling, H. Binder, M. Weller, M. Loeffler
Date Published: 15th Oct 2014
Publication Type: Not specified
Human Diseases: brain glioma
PubMed ID: 24615357
Citation: Int J Cancer. 2014 Oct 15;135(8):1822-31. doi: 10.1002/ijc.28836. Epub 2014 Mar 28.