2 items tagged with 'cancer genetics'.
Activating ERBB2/HER2 mutations indicate susceptibility to pan-HER inhibitors in Lynch and Lynch-like colorectal cancer.
OBJECTIVE: Microsatellite instability (MSI) is detected in approximately 15% of all colorectal cancers (CRC) and virtually in all cases with Lynch syndrome. The MSI phenotype is caused by dysfunctional … mismatch repair (MMR) and leads to accumulation of DNA replication errors. Sporadic MSI CRC often harbours BRAF(V600E); however, no consistent data exist regarding targeted treatment approaches in BRAF(wt) MSI CRC. DESIGN: Mutations and quantitative MSI were analysed by deep sequencing in 196 formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) specimens comprising Lynch and Lynch-like CRCs from the German Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer registry. Functional relevance of recurrent ERBB2/HER2 mutations was investigated in CRC cell lines using reversible and irreversible HER-targeting inhibitors, EGFR-directed antibody cetuximab, HER2-directed antibody trastuzumab and siRNA-mediated ERBB2/HER2 knockdown. RESULTS: Quantification of nucleotide loss in non-coding mononucleotide repeats distinguished microsatellite status with very high accuracy (area under curve=0.9998) and demonstrated progressive losses with deeper invasion of MMR-deficient colorectal neoplasms (p=0.008). Characterisation of BRAF(wt) MSI CRC revealed hot-spot mutations in well-known oncogenic drivers, including KRAS (38.7%), PIK3CA (36.5%), and ERBB2 (15.0%). L755S and V842I substitutions in ERBB2 were highly recurrent. Functional analyses in ERBB2-mutated MSI CRC cell lines revealed a differential response to HER-targeting compounds and superiority of irreversible pan-HER inhibitors. CONCLUSIONS: We developed a high-throughput deep sequencing approach for concomitant MSI and mutational analyses in FFPE specimens. We provided novel insights into clinically relevant alterations in MSI CRC and a rationale for targeting ERBB2/HER2 mutations in Lynch and Lynch-like CRC.
Authors: M. Kloth, V. Ruesseler, C. Engel, K. Koenig, M. Peifer, E. Mariotti, H. Kuenstlinger, A. Florin, U. Rommerscheidt-Fuss, U. Koitzsch, C. Wodtke, F. Ueckeroth, S. Holzapfel, S. Aretz, P. Propping, M. Loeffler, S. Merkelbach-Bruse, M. Odenthal, N. Friedrichs, L. C. Heukamp, T. Zander, R. Buettner
Date Published: 24th May 2015
Publication Type: Not specified
Human Diseases: colorectal cancer
PubMed ID: 26001389
Citation: Gut. 2016 Aug;65(8):1296-305. doi: 10.1136/gutjnl-2014-309026. Epub 2015 Apr 28.
Created: 13th May 2019 at 11:54, Last updated: 7th Dec 2021 at 17:58
Projects: Not specified
Institutions: Not specifiedhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2194-4727
Expertise: cancer genetics