2 items tagged with 'socio-economic status'.
The Speaking Voice in the General Population: Normative Data and Associations to Sociodemographic and Lifestyle Factors.
OBJECTIVES: Normative data concerning the speaking voice in the general population were gathered with the aim to establish standard values for clinical diagnostics. Associations between the speaking … voice and sociodemographic factors were examined. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective cross-sectional population-based study. METHODS: Speaking voice profiles were measured for 2472 (1154 male and 1318 female) participants between the ages of 40 and 79 years, using four speaking voice intensity levels: softest speaking voice (I), conversational voice (II), classroom voice (III), and shouting voice (IV). Smoking status and socioeconomic status were assessed. Data were analyzed using multivariate regression. RESULTS: The mean voice frequencies were 111.8 Hz for male and 161.3 Hz for female participants (I), 111.9 Hz for male and 168.5 Hz for female participants (II), 130.2 Hz for male and 198.0 Hz for female participants (III), and 175.5 Hz for male and 246.2 Hz for female participants (IV). Frequencies increased significantly with age for male but not for female participants. Sound pressure levels rose significantly with age at intensity levels I-III for both sexes, but decreased at intensity level IV. Frequencies and sound pressure levels were similar between nonsmokers and former smokers. Current smokers showed significantly lower frequencies as opposed to non- and former smokers. Speaking voice range and dynamics increased with higher socioeconomic status. CONCLUSIONS: The data are suitable as age-adjusted normative values for clinical measurement of the speaking voice. The mean fundamental speaking voice frequency of female participants was six to seven semitones lower than previously described.
Authors: M. Berg, M. Fuchs, K. Wirkner, M. Loeffler, C. Engel, T. Berger
Date Published: 3rd Jul 2016
Publication Type: Journal article
PubMed ID: 27370073
Citation: J Voice. 2017 Mar;31(2):257.e13-257.e24. doi: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2016.06.001. Epub 2016 Jun 28.
Created: 10th Apr 2019 at 09:31, Last updated: 7th Dec 2021 at 17:58
Effects of psychological eating behaviour domains on the association between socio-economic status and BMI.
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigates potential pathways from socio-economic status (SES) to BMI in the adult population, considering psychological domains of eating behaviour (restrained eating, … uncontrolled eating, emotional eating) as potential mediators stratified for sex. DESIGN: Data were derived from the population-based cross-sectional LIFE-Adult-Study. Parallel-mediation models were conducted to obtain the total, direct and indirect effects of psychological eating behaviour domains on the association between SES and BMI for men and for women. SETTING: Leipzig, Germany. SUBJECTS: We studied 5935 participants aged 18 to 79 years. RESULTS: Uncontrolled eating mediated the association between SES and BMI in men only and restrained eating in both men and women. Emotional eating did not act as mediator in this relationship. The total effect of eating behaviour domains on the association between SES and BMI was estimated as beta=-0.03 (se 0.02; 95 % CI -0.062, -0.003) in men and beta=-0.18 (se 0.02; 95 % CI -0.217, -0.138) in women. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings do not indicate a strong overall mediation effect of the eating behaviour domains restrained eating, uncontrolled eating and emotional eating on the association between SES and BMI. Further research on other pathways of this association is strongly recommended. Importantly, our findings indicate that, independent from one's social position, focusing on psychological aspects in weight reduction might be a promising approach.
Authors: A. Loffler, T. Luck, F. S. Then, C. Luck-Sikorski, A. Pabst, P. Kovacs, Y. Bottcher, J. Breitfeld, A. Tonjes, A. Horstmann, M. Loffler, C. Engel, J. Thiery, A. Villringer, M. Stumvoll, S. G. Riedel-Heller
Date Published: 25th Jul 2017
Publication Type: Journal article
PubMed ID: 28735590
Citation: Public Health Nutr. 2017 Oct;20(15):2706-2712. doi: 10.1017/S1368980017001653. Epub 2017 Jul 24.
Created: 13th May 2019 at 10:10, Last updated: 7th Dec 2021 at 17:58