2 items tagged with 'arousal'.
Recorded and Reported Sleepiness: The Association Between Brain Arousal in Resting State and Subjective Daytime Sleepiness.
Objectives: Daytime sleepiness is a significant public health concern. Early evidence points toward the computerized VIGALL (Vigilance Algorithm Leipzig) as time-efficient tool to assess sleepiness … objectively. In the present study, we investigated the association between VIGALL variables of EEG vigilance (indicating brain arousal in resting state) and subjective daytime sleepiness in the LIFE cohort study. Additionally, we validated VIGALL against the self-rated likelihood of having fallen asleep during the conducted resting EEG and against heart periods. Methods: Participants of the primary sample LIFE 60+ (N = 1927, 60-79 years) and replication sample LIFE 40+ (N = 293, 40-56 years) completed the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). After an average interval of 3 weeks (LIFE 60+) and 65 weeks (LIFE 40+), respectively, participants underwent a single 20-minute resting EEG, analyzed using VIGALL 2.1. Results: Analyses revealed significant associations between ESS and EEG vigilance in LIFE 60+ (rho = -0.17, p = 1E-14) and LIFE 40+ (rho = -0.24, p = 2E-5). Correlations between EEG vigilance and self-rated sleep likelihood reached rho = -0.43 (p = 2E-91) in LIFE 60+ and rho = -0.50 (p = 5E-20) in LIFE 40+. Overall, strongest correlations were obtained for EEG vigilance variable "slope index." Furthermore, lower EEG vigilance was consistently associated with longer heart periods. Conclusions: The present study contributes to the validation of VIGALL. Despite the considerable interval between ESS and EEG assessment dates, the strength of ESS-VIGALL association approximates prior ESS-Multiple Sleep Latency Test results. In this light, VIGALL might constitute an economical choice for the objective assessment of daytime sleepiness in large cohort studies. The discriminative power to identify disorders of hypersomnolence, however, remains to be addressed.
Authors: P. Jawinski, J. Kittel, C. Sander, J. Huang, J. Spada, C. Ulke, K. Wirkner, T. Hensch, U. Hegerl
Date Published: 1st Jul 2017
Publication Type: Journal article
PubMed ID: 28605521
Citation: Sleep. 2017 Jul 1;40(7). pii: 3866822. doi: 10.1093/sleep/zsx099.
Created: 13th May 2019 at 09:58, Last updated: 7th Dec 2021 at 17:58
Time to wake up: No impact of COMT Val158Met gene variation on circadian preferences, arousal regulation and sleep.
Dopamine has been implicated in the regulation of sleep-wake states and the circadian rhythm. However, there is no consensus on the impact of two established dopaminergic gene variants: the … catechol-O-methyltransferase Val158Met (COMT Val158Met; rs4680) and the dopamine D4 receptor Exon III variable-number-of-tandem-repeat polymorphism (DRD4 VNTR). Pursuing a multi-method approach, we examined their potential effects on circadian preferences, arousal regulation and sleep. Subjects underwent a 7-day actigraphy assessment (SenseWear Pro3), a 20-minute resting EEG (analyzed using VIGALL 2.0) and a body mass index (BMI) assessment. Further, they completed the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ), the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). The sample comprised 4625 subjects (19-82 years) genotyped for COMT Val158Met, and 689 elderly subjects (64-82 years) genotyped for DRD4 VNTR. The number of subjects varied across phenotypes. Power calculations revealed a minimum required phenotypic variance explained by genotype ranging between 0.5% and 1.5% for COMT Val158Met and between 3.3% and 6.0% for DRD4 VNTR. Analyses did not reveal significant genotype effects on MEQ, ESS, PSQI, BMI, actigraphy and EEG variables. Additionally, we found no compelling evidence in sex- and age-stratified subsamples. Few associations surpassed the threshold of nominal significance (p < .05), providing some indication for a link between DRD4 VNTR and daytime sleepiness. Taken together, in light of the statistical power obtained in the present study, our data particularly suggest no impact of the COMT Val158Met polymorphism on circadian preferences, arousal regulation and sleep. The suggestive link between DRD4 VNTR and daytime sleepiness, on the other hand, might be worth investigation in a sample enriched with younger adults.
Authors: P. Jawinski, S. Tegelkamp, C. Sander, M. Hantzsch, J. Huang, N. Mauche, M. Scholz, J. Spada, C. Ulke, R. Burkhardt, A. Reif, U. Hegerl, T. Hensch
Date Published: 6th May 2016
Publication Type: Not specified
PubMed ID: 27148829
Citation: Chronobiol Int. 2016;33(7):893-905. doi: 10.1080/07420528.2016.1178275. Epub 2016 May 5.
Created: 10th May 2019 at 14:00, Last updated: 7th Dec 2021 at 17:58